Emergency Response Planning

Guide to Emergency Response Planning at State Transportation Agencies; NCHRP

A comprehensive guide to the emergency response process for owner-operators of surface transportation infrastructure, particularly state departments of transportation. The guide examines the institutional context for emergency response planning and explains in detail how to develop an emergency response program that allows surface transportation agencies to plan, prepare for, respond to, and recover from a complete range of hazards and threats. The Guide to Emergency Response Planning at State Transportation Agencies expands upon and replaces a 2002 guide sponsored by AASHTO and NCHRP that focused on planning to mitigate terrorist threats, which can be found here.

A Guide to Traffic Control of Rural Roads in an Agricultural Emergency; NCHRP

In recent years, new concerns have arisen about the vulnerability of U.S. agriculture to the deliberate introduction of foreign animal and plant diseases, referred to as agroterrorism. This guide provides recommended practices and procedures for traffic control on local and state roads during agricultural emergencies of any kind, whether agroterrorism or other natural or accidental biological outbreaks of foreign animal or plant diseases.

Transportation's Role in Emergency Evacuation and Reentry;NCHRP

A detailed review of the state-of-the-practice with regard to transportation that highlights effective and innovative practices. The synthesis finds that transportation personnel are involved before, during, and after evacuations by managing and maintaining transportation systems, including traffic control, debris removal, and the monitoring and inspection of critical infrastructure. Transportation professionals also bring expert knowledge and a situational awareness of transportation systems into an emergency response. In states with large rural areas and populations, departments of transportation are often one of the few agencies with manpower, equipment, and communication assets in remote areas that can be used to evacuate people to safety.

A Guide for Emergency Transportation Operations; NCHRP

Guidance on establishing a comprehensive, coordinated, performance- oriented approach among the transportation, public safety, and emergency management communities for responding to traffic incidents, natural disasters, and other types of emergencies.

A Guide to Planning Resources on Transportation and Hazards

This research digest presents a high-level framework for thinking about the stages of a disaster. It introduces a wide range of hazards literature and research that applies to transportation-related emergency management work. It provides an overview of a systems approach to integrated emergency management functions supported by current research, focusing on the importance of a holistic approach to risk reduction. Case studies that connect research to practice provide real-world examples of holistic approaches to disaster management in the transportation field.

Improving Surface Transportation Operations in Emergency Situations (PDF - 72K)

From the 2002 ITS World Congress.

Using Highways During Evacuation Operations for Events With Advance Notice, FHWA

FHWA report that explores transportation management and operations advancements that may be applied to improve evacuation planning and operations when advance notice is possible. This primer is intended as a tool to aid local and state planners in maximizing the use of the highway network in the development and execution of evacuation plans for their communities, states, or regions.

Common Issues in Emergency Transportation Operations Preparedness and Response: The Results of FHWA Workshop Series

FHWA report that examines the results of a workshop series designed to enhance the working relationship between the transportation community, emergency managers, and first responders in an effort to improve recognition of each other's role in emergency preparedness and response. The FHWA report covers issues such as interagency coordination and communication, emergency operations, equipment, intelligent transportation systems, mutual aid, threat notification, awareness and information sharing, and policy.